Related Projects

The Scattergood Journals

This online exhibit, curated by Jordan Nieusma '14 in the Summer of 2014, is made up of important and representative passages from the journals, letters, and memoirs of Thomas Scattergood (1748-1814). The website contains entries from Scattergood's journals which are unique in their content and the sentiments they convey, but overall convey the identity of a man lost in his spiritual uncertainty and accepting the guidance of his Inner Light.

Thomas Scattergood was a traveling minister, and he spent six years (1794-1800) visiting Quakers in England as a part of his ministry. He suffered from depression, and he was impressed by the Retreat’s humane treatment of the mentally ill. When he returned to the United States, he argued that American Quakers should start an institution similar to the York Retreat. As such, after visiting the York Retreat, Thomas Scattergood was inspired and prompted other Quakers to think of creating what would eventually become Friends' Asylum.

Digitized Daybooks and Annual Reports

View digitized documents from Haverford College Quaker and Special Collection's archive on the Asylum.

Resources About Other Asylums:

Additionally, information about other mental hospitals from the same period provides insight into the unique features of Friends' Asylum.

  • For more information on nineteenth-century asylum architecture, explore the National Building Museum's exhibit, Architecture of an Asylum: St. Elizabeth's 1852-2017. Both the Friends' Asylum and St. Elizabeth's Asylum operate to this day as hospitals, in Philadelphia and Washington, D.C., respectively. Unlike Friends' Hospital, St. Elizabeth's is federally-operated.

  • Though they were not officially affiliated with Quakerism, other asylums from the same time period as Friends' Asylum employed or were funded by famous Quakers. Prominent Quakers at other asylums include Dr. Thomas Kirkbride, a physician who worked at Friends' Asylum before heading Pennsylvania Hospital and Thomas Eddy, a philanthropist on the board of New York Hospital.